Bakiyev, Kurmanbek

Gender: .
State of concern: .

Who, Why and How exiled:

Former president of Kyrgyzstan (2005-10). Fled to Kazakhstan on 15 April 2010 after riots and protests saw his administration collapse (Eurasianet, 2010).

Continued on to Belarus where he has settled in exile (Harding, 2010).

Category of exile: . (Definitions here.)
Alleged affiliation: Former insider.

Which stages experienced: Stage 1   Stage 2   not Stage 3. (Definitions here.)
Date of most serious incident: 2010.
Violence experienced: .

Stage 1 details (accusations/ charges/ Interpol notice/ extradition requests):

Accused of corruption and increasing authoritarianism. Also accused of organising mass killings and ordering troops to fire upon unarmed protesters. Convicted in absentia to 24 years in prison. (BBC News, 2013)


Stage 2 details (arrest/ detention/ extradition):

In April 2014 Kurmanbek has been convicted in absentia of plotting to kill a foreign business man to 25 years in prison including dispossession of property.(RFL/RL, 2014a)  Later that year, in July, he has been sentenced to life imprisonment for killing of protesters during his ousting in 2010.(RFE/RL, 2014b) This sentence was reduced to 30years imprisonment and confiscation of property. (TRIAL, 2017)

Other actions during Stages 1–3 (dispossession/ overseas assets frozen/ intimidation/ action against associates/ …):

The provisional government set up after Bakiyev's departure stated that his allies and family were not permitted to leave the country and that those who had committed crimes would stand trial (Eurasianet, 2010).

International arrest warrant: .

Countries of transit, asylum and/or residence: , .

Legal status (refugee/ asylum seeker/ resident):

Granted political asylum in Belarus in 2010 (Harding,  2010).

Current status:

Living as a political refugee in Belarus.

Press sources:

BBC News, "Kyrgyzstan former president Kurmanbek Bakiyev sentenced," February 12, 2013. [Online]. Available at:;

Eurasianet, "Kyrgyzstan: Exit Bakiyev," April 14, 2010. [Online]. Available at:;

Luke Harding, "Ousted Kyrgyzstan president begins new life in Belarus," The Guardian, April 20, 2010.[Online]. Available at:

RFL/RL (2014a) Kyrgyz Ex-President, Others Sentenced. [online] RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Available at:[Accessed 27 Jan. 2019].

RFE/RL (2014b) Ousted Kyrgyz President Bakiev Sentenced To Life. [online] Available at:[Accessed 27 Jan. 2019].
TRIAL international (2017) Kurmanbek Bakiyev. TRIAL International. Available at:[Accessed 27 Jan. 2019].