Bayhanov, Akmukhammet

State of concern: .
Original citizenship: .
Alleged affiliation: Hereket.Founder of Hereket - the Association of democratic movement in 2014 ( Zverev, 2015; Ferghana news, 2016).
Which stages experienced: Stage 1   Stage 2   Stage 3
Class of most serious incident: .
Date of most serious incident: 2003.
Countries of transit, asylum and/or residence: , , .
Exiled? Yes.
Category of exile: .

Who, Why and How exiled:

The former general director of the Gundogar confectionery in Ashgabat, 59-year-old Akmuhammet Baikhanov, was imprisoned in Turkmenistan in 2003-2007 on charges of having links with the opposition ( Ferghana news, 2016).

Stage 1 details (accusations/ charges/ Interpol notice/ extradition requests): Baykhanov was put in prison in the context of the prosecution of persons accused of attempting to assassinate Niyazov in 2002 ( Reuters, 2015). He was also charged with having ties with the Turkmen opposition figure Avdy Kuliyev, the first foreign ministers of independent Turkmenistan and an activist of the Turkmen opposition in exile (Reuters, 2015).  

Stage 2 details (arrest/ detention/ extradition): Served a four years prison sentence, 2003-2007. Spent several years in Ovadan-Depe, a notorious prison outside Ashgabat ( Reuters, 2015; Najibullah and Tahi, 2013)  

Stage 3 details (attack/ abduction/ rendition/ torture/ assassination/ death): Allegedly tortured whilst in prison ( Zverev, 2015)

Other actions during Stages 1–3 (dispossession/ overseas assets frozen/ intimidation/ action against associates/ …): In 2016, a group of unknown people attacked Akmukhamed Baykhanov in Balashikha, Russia. Baykhanov says that it was a reaction to his last book “Lost Souls of Ovadan-depe,” memoirs where Baykhanov describes prisons in Turkmenistan, particularly, the secret jail of Ovadan-depe ( Eurasia Daily, 2016).  In April 2016, he has informed the human rights Centre Memorial, that he is being under surveillance and  subject to intimidation from a group of man that he believes belong to the Turkmen government (Ferghana news, 2016). In April 2016, employees of the Ministry of National Security (MNS) of Turkmenistan detained Akmukhammet's brother Nazar Baikhanov at his workplace in Ashgabat (Ferghana news, 2016).

Legal status (refugee/ asylum seeker/ resident): He has a double nationality,  Russian and Turkmen ( Ferghana news, 2016).  

Current status: In 2013 he escaped to Turkey where he found the opposition movement Hereket ( Radio Free Europe, 2014; Ferghana news, 2016). Since 2014, he lives in the suburbs of Moscow where he critically expresses his opinion against the Turkmem government ( Ferghana news, 2016).

Press sources: Farangis Najibullah and Muhammad Tahir, 'Campaign Seeks Proof That Former Turkmen Minister Alive', Radio Free Europe, 10th October 2013. [Online]. Available at: Ferghana news, "Покажите их живыми!»: Туркменские спецслужбы усиливают преследование диссидентов в России". 21 April, 2016. [Online]. Available at: Eurasia Daily, 2016. "Weeks before constitutional reform, Turkmen authorities are neutralizing dissidents" 25 August, 2016. [Online]. Available at: Zverev, A (2015). "ИНТЕРВЬЮ-Ослабленная несвободой Туркмения - легкая добыча исламистов -- бывший узник". [Online]. Available at: