Begmedova, Tadzhigul

Gender: .
State of concern: .

Who, Why and How exiled:

Chairwoman of the Turkmenistan Helsinki Foundation (THF) (Human Rights Watch, 2005). Forced in to exile in Bulgaria following a crackdown by the Turkmen authorities on members of civil society (Amnesty International, 2005; DW News, 2012).

Category of exile: . (Definitions here.)

Which stages experienced: Stage 1   not Stage 2   not Stage 3. (Definitions here.)
Date of most serious incident: 2005.
Violence experienced: .

Stage 1 details (accusations/ charges/ Interpol notice/ extradition requests):

In 2003, her father was arrested, questioned and forced in to internal exile in the Dasoguz province (IDMC, 2005; Amnesty International, 2005).

In both 2004 and 2005, a number of her former colleagues were harassed and imprisoned by Turkmen police (Amnesty International, 2005).

International arrest warrant: .

Countries of transit, asylum and/or residence: .

Current status:

Living and working in Bulgaria (DW News, 2012).

Press sources:

Amnesty International (2005). Amnesty International (AI) is seriously concerned at attempts by the authorities to stop the Turkmenistan Helsinki Foundation (THF) from carrying out its human rights work.. [online] Amnesty International USA. Available at: [Accessed 17 Feb. 2018].

Deutsche Welle (2012). Turkmenistan's president poised to win election. [online] DW.COM. Available at: [Accessed 17 Feb. 2018].

Human Rights Watch (2005). UN Should Respond to Turkmen Abuses. [online] Available at: [Accessed 17 Feb. 2018].

IDMC (2005). Government uses forced displacement as tool of repression. [online] Available at: [Accessed 17 Feb. 2018].