Who, Why and How exiled: Dzhalalbayev, Khakim, an Uzbek national, moved to Russia between 2011 and 2012 to seek employment together with Avazbek Mukhammad Ugli Nizamov, Rakhmatullo Abudullayevich Mukhamedkhodzhayev, Olim Tursunovich Dzhalalbayev(ECHR, 2014)
Stage 1 details (accusations/ charges/ Interpol notice/ extradition requests): Indicted on 15 October 2012 by the Uzbek authorities on charges of participation in an extremist religious group known as the Islamic Movement of Turkestan. Also charged with attempting to overthrow the constitutional order in Uzbekistan. Their arrest was ordered and their names put on a wanted list. (ECHR, 2014)
Stage 2 details (arrest/ detention/ extradition): Arrested on 15 November 2012 by Russian authorities at Vnukovo airport in Moscow. Detained pending extradition to Uzbekistan. Russia refused to extradite them as their 'crimes' were not illegal under Russian law. All 4 were, however, re-arrested as illegal aliens and they were ordered to return to Uzbekistan. The ECHR ruled in May 2014 that their expulsion would violate Article 3 of the Convention, citing that they were at risk of ill-treatment if returned. (ECHR, 2014)
Legal status (refugee/ asylum seeker/ resident): Khakim Dzhalalbayev and three others applied for asylum at various times after December 2012, but their requests were refused (ECHR, 2014)
Current status: Assumed to still be residing in Russia after the ECHR ruled that their expulsion would violate the Convention. Their expulsion was suspended following an interim measure applied by the European Court of Human Rights, under Rule 39 of its Rules of Court, in April 2013, indicating to the Russian Government not to expel them until further notice (ECHR, 2014)
Legal sources: European Court of Human Rights, Case of Nizamov and Others v. Russia. Judgment, May 7, 2014. [Online]. Available at: http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-142844.