Eshonkulov, Javokhir

Gender: .
State of concern: .

Who, Why and How exiled:

Moved from Uzbekistan to Russia in May 2012 (ECHR,  2015).

Category of exile: . (Definitions here.)

Which stages experienced: Stage 1   Stage 2   not Stage 3. (Definitions here.)
Date of most serious incident: 2013.
Violence experienced: .

Stage 1 details (accusations/ charges/ Interpol notice/ extradition requests):

Arrest warrant issued by Uzbek authorities in November 2012. Charged with participation in banned religious organisations, including the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, dissemination of ideas of religious extremism, and organisation of illegal departure of persons to foreign countries, including for training in terrorist camps in Pakistan. Also accused of calling for the forcible removal of State leaders of Uzbekistan. (ECHR, 2015)

Stage 2 details (arrest/ detention/ extradition):

Arrested in Moscow in April 2013 by Russian authorities. Detained pending extradition. Released in October 2013 as maximum detention period had expired, but immediately rearrested whilst still in the police station for an infringement of migration rules. Appeals against the extradition were unsuccessful and the Supreme Court of Russia upheld the order in February 2014. The ECHR ruled in January 2015 that his extradition would violate Article 3 of the Convention (freedom from torture and ill-treatment) (ECHR,  2015).

Other actions during Stages 1–3 (dispossession/ overseas assets frozen/ intimidation/ action against associates/ …):

During his detention in Russia he was badly beaten up by the security forces (Радио Озодлик, 2015).

International arrest warrant: .

Countries of transit, asylum and/or residence: .

Legal status (refugee/ asylum seeker/ resident):

Applied for asylum in Russia in May 2013 but was refused on appeal several times ((ECHR,  2015).

Current status:

Unknown. Assumed to still be residing in Russia after the ECHR ruled that his extradition would violate the Convention.

Press sources:

Радио Озодлик,'Москвадаги депортация марказида ОМОНчилар ўзбек муҳожирларини калтаклади'[Online]. Available at:

Translation website: 'В Москве в центре депортации ОМОНовцы избили граждан Узбекистана'. 28 February, 2015. [Online].Available at:


Legal sources:

European Court of Human Rights, Case of Eshonkulov v. Russia. Judgment, January 15, 2015. [Online]. Available at: