Fazylov, Khursheddin

Gender: .
State of concern: .

Who, Why and How exiled:

The father of four children, Khursheddin Fazylov, came to Russia in September 2014, with the same goal as many of his other compatriots to earn money.  He worked as a butcher at a cafe in a historic mosque on Novokuznetsk (Гражданское содействие, 2016; ‘Russian NGO Shadow Report’, 2018, p.39).

Category of exile: . (Definitions here.)
Alleged affiliation: Alleged religious extremist.

Which stages experienced: Stage 1   Stage 2   Stage 3. (Definitions here.)
Date of most serious incident: 2016.
Violence experienced: .

Stage 1 details (accusations/ charges/ Interpol notice/ extradition requests):

On 5 May 2015, the Tajik authorities put his name on the cross-border wanted list (‘Russian NGO Shadow Report’, 2018, p.39). Fazylov was accused of recruiting dozens of other Tajiks to ISIL in the course of work and sending them to Turkey at his own expense for further transportation through Syria (Гражданское содействие, 2016).

Stage 2 details (arrest/ detention/ extradition):

On July 15 2015 Fazylov was detained in Moscow and on July 16, by the decision of the Zamoskvoretsky District Court, was placed in SIZO No. 4. Neither the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation, nor the employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Prosecutor’s Office, who carefully monitor terrorist activity in Russia, had any information about Fazilov’s “criminal actions” (Гражданское содействие, 2016).


Stage 3 details (attack/ abduction/ rendition/ torture/ assassination/ death):

Although the deadline for appealing the refusal to grant him refugee status had not expired, the Russian Prosecutor General's Office ordered his extradition to Tajikistan on 5 February 2016 and notified him of the order on 17 February 2016. The decision was appealed to higher instances, up to the Supreme Court. At the extradition hearing, Fazylov's representatives submitted the ECHR indication of interim measures under Rule 39 to protect Fazylov from deportation and extradition (‘Russian NGO Shadow Report’, 2018, p.39).

But on July 14, the Supreme Court upheld the decision of the Moscow City Court and decided to extradite Fazylov to Tajikistan which was executed on July 15 despite ongoing attempts of Fazylov's representatives to prevent this. After a few days, the relatives found out that Fazylov was in Tajikistan in one of the prisons in Dushanbe (Гражданское содействие, 2016).

International arrest warrant: .

Countries of transit, asylum and/or residence: .

Current status:

Imprisoned in Dushanbe, Tajikistan since 2016.

Press sources:

Гражданское содействие, 2016 ‘Россия пошла против ЕСПЧ: похищен беженец из Таджикистана’, Комитет ‘Гражданское содействие’, 2016 <https://refugee.ru/news/rossiya-idet-protiv-espch-pohishhenie-bezhentsa-iz-tadzhikistana/> [accessed 21 May 2019]
The Public Verdict Foundation, ‘Russian NGO Shadow Report’, 2018, p.39, UN Treaty Body Database <https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/Treaties/CAT/Shared%20Documents/RUS/INT_CAT_CSS_RUS_31612_E.pdf> [accessed 14 May 2019]