Mamazhonov, Ikromzhon

State of concern: .
Original citizenship: .
Which stages experienced: Stage 1   Stage 2   Stage 3
Class of most serious incident: .
Date of most serious incident: 2013.
Countries of transit, asylum and/or residence: .
Exiled? Yes.
Category of exile: .

Who, Why and How exiled: Fled to Russia in 2008 with a forged Kyrgyz passport under an assumed name, fearing religious persecution (ECHR, 2014).

Stage 1 details (accusations/ charges/ Interpol notice/ extradition requests): Charged in 2009 and 2012 with terrorism, inciting religious hatred, encroaching upon the constitutional order, illegally crossing the State border, organising a criminal group, producing and disseminating material threatening public security and order, participating in religious extremist, separatist, and fundamentalist movements, and smuggling. Accused of working with the IMU in 2006 and 2007, including recruitment and training of terrorists, and facilitating illegal border crossings. Indicted in absentia in 2009 and 2012. An international arrest warrant was issued against him in January 2009. (ECHR, 2014)

Stage 2 details (arrest/ detention/ extradition): Apprehended at Orenburg railway station by the FSB in June 2012. Placed in pre-trial detention facility, SIZO-3, in Orenburg. Uzbek authorities issued an extradition request in July 2012 (Ferghana news, 2013). The request was authorised by the Deputy Prosecutor General of Russia in November 2012. All appeals were denied and the extradition order was upheld by the Russian Supreme Court in March 2013. However, extraditions were stayed in March 2013 pending ECHR review of the case, including alleged violation of Article 3 of the Convention if the extradition were to proceed. Released in June 2013, without his lawyer being told. (ECHR,  2014)

Stage 3 details (attack/ abduction/ rendition/ torture/ assassination/ death): After his release from detention in June 2013, Mamazhonov seemingly disappeared. His lawyer believes that he was abducted with a view to transferring him to Uzbekistan, since there had been previous instances of this occurring. His lawyer also stated that he received a phonecall in September 2013 from a man identifying himself as Mamazhonov, who told him that he was being held in custody in Andijan. A similar call occurred again in April 2014. There has been no effective investigation into his appearance, according to an ECHR judgement. (ECHR,  2014; Ferghana news, 2013)

Legal status (refugee/ asylum seeker/ resident): Applied via his lawyer for asylum in Russia in 2012, but refused as the request was perceived as a method to evade prosecution in Uzbekistan. Applied for temporary asylum in 2013 but was again denied. (European Court of Human Rights, 2014)

Current status: Current whereabouts within Uzbekistan remain unknown ( Ferghana news, 2013). In 2014, The European court for Human Rights,  ruled that the Russian Federation must pay Mamazhonov 7,500 euros in compensation for moral damage (money must be transferred to the representative of Mamajonov for responsible storage), as well as 16,400 euros to cover court costs and expenses ( Ferghana news, 2014).  

Press sources: Ferghana news, 2013. "Россия: В Оренбурге пропал искатель убежища из Узбекистана", 14th June, 2013. [Online]. Available at: http://www.fergananews.com/news/20807 Ferghana news, 2014. "ЕСПЧ: Россия должна выплатить компенсацию похищенному в Оренбурге Икромжону Мамажонову", 24th October, 2014.[Online]. Available at: http://www.fergananews.com/news.php?id=22738  

Legal sources: European Court of Human Rights, 2014.  Case of Mamazhonov v. Russia. Judgment, October 23, 2014. [Online]. Available at:  http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-147333.