Who, Why and How exiled: Moved from Uzbekistan to Russia in December 2009 and obtained a temporary residence via until December 2010. He had been questioned in 2000 about the 1999 Tashkent bombings by Uzbek authorities but the issue was not taken any further (ECHR, 2012)
Stage 1 details (accusations/ charges/ Interpol notice/ extradition requests): Charged in March 2010 by the Uzbek authorities with attempting to overthrow the Uzbek State's constitutional order, in relation to the terrorist bombings in Tashkent in 1999. Also accused of being a member of banned religious extremist organisations (including "Warriors of Islam" from 2000 to 2009) and being a follower of Wahabbism. He was put on a wanted list (ECHR, 2012).
Stage 2 details (arrest/ detention/ extradition): Arrested in October 2010 by Russian authorities and detained pending extradition to Uzbekistan. The extradition was refused in May 2011 since the charges brought in 2010 about an alleged offence in 1999 were too long ago to bring about prosecution under Russian law. He was released from detention in April 2011. He was re-arrested in May 2011 but released again in July 2011. (ECHR, 2012)
Legal status (refugee/ asylum seeker/ resident): Applied for refugee status in Russia in December 2010 on the basis of fear of persecution for his religious beliefs. His application was rejected and appeals were pending during the ECHR case. He was granted temporary asylum in October 2011 for one year (European Court of Human Rights, 2012).
Current status: Assumed to still be residing in Russia (possibly with refugee status) after his extradition order was annulled by the Russian courts (ECtHR, 2013).
Legal sources: European Court of Human Rights, 2012. Case of Niyazov v. Russia. Judgment, October 16, 2012.[Online]. Available at : http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-113720. ECtHR, 2013. "Niyazov v. Russia (no. 27843/11) [ Articles 3, 13 5 § 1,4 ECHR]", 4 October, 2013. [Online]. Available at: http://www.asylumlawdatabase.eu/en/content/niyazov-v-russia-no-2784311-articles-3-13-5-%C2%A7-14-echr