Who, Why and How exiled: Shamsuddinov left Uzbekistan after being accused of membership of a banned Islamic movement, and sought asylum in Kazakhstan (Amnesty International, 2008).
Stage 3 details (attack/ abduction/ rendition/ torture/ assassination/ death): Shamsuddinov was forcibly disappeared in November 2007. He went missing after leaving his residence in Almaty. In December, the Uzbekistani news agency Press-uz.info stated that he had not been abducted but had gone to Moldova where he was detained and deported to Turkey. However, by the end of the year no independent reports of his whereabouts in Turkey had emerged, nor was it clear how he could have gone to Moldova. According to other Uzbekistani refugees and asylum-seekers who shared a flat with him, Khurshid Shamsuddinov did not have the necessary documentation to allow him to travel to Moldova, nor did he have sufficient money to pay for a ticket. When he left the flat on the day of his he went missing he did not carry any suitcase, or personal items and he did not wear any warm outer clothes. In October he had reportedly received warnings from relatives in Uzbekistan that the Uzbekistani authorities were seeking his arrest and subsequent extradition (Amnesty International, 2008).
Press sources: Amnesty International (2008) Europe and Central Asia Summary of Amnesty International’s Concerns in the Region, July - December 2007