Soyunov, Halmyrat

Gender: .
State of concern: .

Who, Why and How exiled:

Former district mayor of Kizel-Arbat and deputy of parliament. Escaped the country, fearing detention (Eurasianet, 2002; Radio Freedom Europe, 2007).

Category of exile: . (Definitions here.)
Alleged affiliation: Former insider.

Which stages experienced: Stage 1   not Stage 2   Stage 3. (Definitions here.)
Date of most serious incident: Late 1990s..
Violence experienced: .

Stage 1 details (accusations/ charges/ Interpol notice/ extradition requests):

On November 2, 2001, the Turkmenistani authorities brought criminal charges of embezzlement and unlawful arms sales against the former foreign minister (Eurasianet, 2002).

Stage 3 details (attack/ abduction/ rendition/ torture/ assassination/ death):

Physically attacked whilst in Turkmenistan. Physically attacked in Moscow during late 1990s, whilst waiting for asylum request.

Other actions during Stages 1–3 (dispossession/ overseas assets frozen/ intimidation/ action against associates/ …):

Confiscated property (Euasianet, 2002).

International arrest warrant: .

Countries of transit, asylum and/or residence: .

Legal status (refugee/ asylum seeker/ resident):

Received asylum status in Sweden (Eurasianet, 2002).

Current status:

Resides in Sweden, has asylum status. Faces detention if returns to Turkmenistan.

Press sources:

Rustem Safronov, 2002.  'THE WORLD HEARS A UNIFIED TUKMEN OPPOSITION', Eurasianet, 24th June 2002.[Online]. Available at:

Radio Free Europe, 2007.  "Turkmenistan: Sorting Out The Presidential Candidates" 7 February, 2007. [Online]. Available at: