Soyunov, Halmyrat

State of concern: .
Original citizenship: .
Which stages experienced: Stage 1   Stage 2   not Stage 3
Class of most serious incident: .
Date of most serious incident: Late 1990s..
Countries of transit, asylum and/or residence: .
Exiled? Yes.
Category of exile: .

Who, Why and How exiled: Former district mayor of Kizel-Arbat and deputy of parliament. Escaped the country, fearing detention (Eurasianet, 2002; Radio Freedom Europe, 2007).

Stage 1 details (accusations/ charges/ Interpol notice/ extradition requests): On November 2, 2001, the Turkmenistani authorities brought criminal charges of embezzlement and unlawful arms sales against the former foreign minister ( Eurasianet, 2002)

Stage 3 details (attack/ abduction/ rendition/ torture/ assassination/ death): Physically attacked whilst in Turkmenistan. Physically attacked in Moscow during late 1990s, whilst waiting for asylum request.

Other actions during Stages 1–3 (dispossession/ overseas assets frozen/ intimidation/ action against associates/ …): Confiscated property (Euasianet, 2002).

Legal status (refugee/ asylum seeker/ resident): Received asylum status in Sweden ( Eurasianet, 2002)

Current status: Resides in Sweden, has asylum status. Faces detention if returns to Turkmenistan.

Press sources: Rustem Safronov, 2002.  'THE WORLD HEARS A UNIFIED TUKMEN OPPOSITION', Eurasianet, 24th June 2002.[Online]. Available at: Radio Free Europe, 2007.  "Turkmenistan: Sorting Out The Presidential Candidates" 7 February, 2007. [Online]. Available at: