Who, Why and How exiled: Nina Startseva was an independent journalist reporting in Turkmenistan. In 2007, she had her passport confiscated by Turkmen authorities and was banned from leaving the country. She was then forced to flee to Sweden by said authorities (HRW, 2007; OSCE, 2007).
Stage 2 details (arrest/ detention/ extradition): In June 2007, Startseva was finally allowed to leave the country after years of harassment and surveillance by authorities. A deal was reached in which Startseva was allowed to become an exile in Sweden, in return for selling all property and promising never to return to Turkmenistan (HRW, 2007; OSCE, 2007).
Current status: Exile in Sweden (HRW, 2007).
Press sources: Human Rights Watch (2007). Human Rights Reform in Turkmenistan- Rhetoric or Reality?. Human Rights Watch. OSCE (2007). Supplementary Human Dimension Meeting on Protection and Promotion of Human Rights: Responsibilities and Effective Remedies. [online] Osce.org. Available at: https://www.osce.org/odihr/26060?download=true [Accessed 15 Apr. 2018].