Shakurov, Askhat

Gender: .
State of concern: .

Who, Why and How exiled:

Left his military unit in Uzbekistan in March 2002 and went to Russia for employment-related reasons. Two years later his two children and wife moved over from Uzbekistan and obtained Russian citizenship (ECHR,  2012).

Category of exile: . (Definitions here.)

Which stages experienced: Stage 1   Stage 2   not Stage 3. (Definitions here.)
Date of most serious incident: 2010.
Violence experienced: .

Stage 1 details (accusations/ charges/ Interpol notice/ extradition requests):

Criminal proceedings brought against him by Uzbek authorities in June 2002 for desertion from the army. An arrest warrant was issued in July 2002. The charges were reclassified in November 2002 to aggravated desertion. Separately had criminal proceedings brought against him in Russia in October 2009 on suspicion of threatening his wife with death (ECHR, 2012).

Stage 2 details (arrest/ detention/ extradition):

Arrested in Russia in October 2009, due to allegedly making threats against his wife. He complied with the authorities and admitted the charges.

During this detention, Russia received information about criminal proceedings initiated against Shakurov in Uzbekistan. Shakurov denied the charges of desertion and claimed that he left the Uzbek Armed Forces as he had faced discrimination and had been refused resignation requests. Uzbekistan requested his extradition in November 2009. Appeals against his extradition were denied and the Supreme Court of Russia upheld the extradition order in September 2010. In June 2012, the ECHR ruled that general concerns about ill-treatment in Uzbekistan were not specific enough to bar his extradition, and did not accept Shakurov's claims that the extradition was politically motivated (ECHR,  2012).

International arrest warrant: .

Countries of transit, asylum and/or residence: .

Legal status (refugee/ asylum seeker/ resident):

Did not apply for Russian citizenship as he lost his Uzbek passport in 2002. Made no attempts to register his residence in Russia between 2002 and 2010. Used his USSR military officer card as an identity document.

Requested refugee status in February 2010 after learning that he had been accused of desertion, which he denied committing. Refugee status was denied. Applied for temporary asylum in June 2010 and January 2011. The second request was approved for one year (European Court of Human Rights, 2012).

Current status:

The European Court of Human Rights applied Rule 39  and decided that it is desirable in the interests of the proper conduct of the proceedings not to extradite him until further orders (ECHR, 2012).

Legal sources:

European Court of Human Rights, 2012. "Case of Shakurov v. Russia. Judgment", June 5, 2012. [Online]. Available at: